566-486 bce, Life of Siddhartha Guatama, the historical Buddha




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566-486 BCE, Life of Siddhartha Guatama, the historical Buddha

  • 566-486 BCE, Life of Siddhartha Guatama, the historical Buddha

  • 272-231 BCE, Reign of Indian Emperor Asoka establishes the Buddha's Dharma in India

  • 250 BCE The Pali Tipitaka complete

  • 247 BCE Buddhism in Sri Lanka

  • 100 CE Buddhism established in Cambodia

  • 150 CE Buddhism in Vietnam

  • 589-617 CE Sui Dynasty begins of Golden Age of Chinese Buddhism



594 CE Buddhism state religion in Japan

  • 594 CE Buddhism state religion in Japan

  • 749 CE First monastery built in Tibet

  • 800 CE Borobudur built in Java, Indonesia

  • 1903 CE Buddhist Society of Germany

  • 1907 CE Buddhist Society of Great Britain

  • 1952 CE World Fellowship of Buddhists

  • 1959 CE Dalai Lama flees to India

  • 1966 CE 1st Theravada Sangha in USA

  • 1989 CE Dalai Lama awarded the Nobel Peace Prize



SAMSARA the cycle of birth & rebirth

  • SAMSARA the cycle of birth & rebirth

  • DUKKHA suffering

  • AHIMSA extreme non violence

  • KARMA the law of cause and effect

  • DHARMA the natural order of life

  • NIRVANA release from Samsara

  • ANICCA impermanence

  • ANATTA release from ego / identity

  • SANGHA religious community

  • TIPITAKA – Three baskets of Scripture



DUKKHA – all existence is suffering



Wisdom (Pañña)

  • Wisdom (Pañña)

  • 1. Right understanding (samma ditthi) 2. Right thinking (samma sankappa)

  • Ethical Conduct (Sila)

  • 3. Right speech (samma vaca) 4. Right action (samma kammanta) 5. Right livelihood (samma ajiva)

  • Concentration (Samadhi)

  • 6. Right effort (samma vayama) 7. Right mindfulness (samma sati) 8. Right collectedness (samma samadhi)





Lumbini, Birthplace of Siddhartha Guatama



The Pali Canon is traditionally known as the Tipitaka (Tipiṭaka; three baskets)

  • The Pali Canon is traditionally known as the Tipitaka (Tipiṭaka; three baskets)

  • Vinaya Pitaka, rules for monks and nuns

  • Sutta Pitaka, teachings of the Buddha

  • Abhidhamma Pitaka, discussions of Buddhism and philosophy



Sangha is a Sanskrit word meaning "spiritual community".

  • Sangha is a Sanskrit word meaning "spiritual community".

  • It refers to the communities of monks and nuns who have taken vows to spend their lives in spiritual pursuits



Unlike other belief systems that insist on conformity Buddhism does not condemn dissent

  • Unlike other belief systems that insist on conformity Buddhism does not condemn dissent

  • When differences have arisen among Buddhists conflict is avoided because of Ahimsa

  • Consequently all interpretations are welcomed to the world fellowship and those who leave their Sangha to join another are not condemned

  • The conflicts that are Common in the history of Christianity and Islam are not evident in Buddhism



Power - The capacity to influence others to a point of view or action to which they would not normally accede, conflicts with Buddhist philosophy

  • Power - The capacity to influence others to a point of view or action to which they would not normally accede, conflicts with Buddhist philosophy

  • To want control over the lives of others is an extreme form of desire and only creates Dukkha

  • Buddhists however live in the world and consequently need to deal with power issues





Unable to use violence Tibetans have applied intense pressure for almost 50 years using the Institutions and technology of the modern world to achieve recognition for their cause.

  • Unable to use violence Tibetans have applied intense pressure for almost 50 years using the Institutions and technology of the modern world to achieve recognition for their cause.

  • This has been incredibly successful, the Dalai Lama has become a celebrity throughout the Western World and this has infuriated the Chinese who insist that Tibet is only a district of China.



Tibet was a theocracy ruled by the Dalai Lama - head of the religious and political systems - appointed 1940 ( age 5)

  • Tibet was a theocracy ruled by the Dalai Lama - head of the religious and political systems - appointed 1940 ( age 5)

  • In 1950 Tibet was occupied by China

  • 1959 The Dalai Lama fled to India during an unsuccessful revolt against the Chinese

  • 1963 The Dalai Lama approved a Democratic Tibetan Constitution

  • 1989 Dalai Lama awarded Nobel Peace Prize

  • 2007 Dalai Lama awarded US Congressional medal of honour. Tibet prepares for Beijing Olympics





For nearly 50 years the exiled Tibetans have had their HQ in Upper Dharamsala (Mcleodganj)

  • For nearly 50 years the exiled Tibetans have had their HQ in Upper Dharamsala (Mcleodganj)

  • They are there only by courtesy of the government of India.

  • In the constant power struggle between the world’s largest democracy and the world’s biggest dictatorship, the Tibetans have depended on India’s goodwill.





A constant stream of western visitors to the Tibetan enclave in Mcleodganj provides income and morale for the embattled Buddhists

  • A constant stream of western visitors to the Tibetan enclave in Mcleodganj provides income and morale for the embattled Buddhists

  • The process of acculturation has resulted in a women’s Sangha mostly of western converts – a huge culture shift for the conservative Tibetans



The concept of a beauty contest supporting the cause of Buddhism seems bizarre. Using attractive young women seems to contravene almost every teaching of the Buddha. Lobsang Wangyal disagrees. He has created the Contest in a quest to save not only Tibet but China too from the curse of materialism. Miss Tibet generates international publicity that China abhors.

  • The concept of a beauty contest supporting the cause of Buddhism seems bizarre. Using attractive young women seems to contravene almost every teaching of the Buddha. Lobsang Wangyal disagrees. He has created the Contest in a quest to save not only Tibet but China too from the curse of materialism. Miss Tibet generates international publicity that China abhors.



Google has allowed the Chinese government to filter sites that include anything to do with the Dalai Lama and Tibetans in exile.

  • Google has allowed the Chinese government to filter sites that include anything to do with the Dalai Lama and Tibetans in exile.

  • Tibetans have responded with a boycott.

  • Ahimsa in the virtual world.



Official site





Today women are joining Buddhist



The Tipitaka has not changed since 250BCE and is the foundation of all Buddhist Communities.

  • The Tipitaka has not changed since 250BCE and is the foundation of all Buddhist Communities.

  • Differences in practices and culture resulted in Buddhism diverging into different forms MAYAHANA , THERAVADA, & VAJRAYANA the major three

  • Others include ZEN and PURE LAND



The Sangha of women was established in Sri Lanka by 200 BCE

  • The Sangha of women was established in Sri Lanka by 200 BCE

  • 1017 CE Invasion from India destroyed the Buddhist system on the island

  • By 1200 CE Buddhism was re established without any female Sangha

  • In 1903 a European woman Catherine de Alwis was ordained in Burma and established a female order in Sri Lanka

  • 1998 23 Sri Lankan nuns were ordained, after almost 1000 years Sri Lankan women were back in the Sangha



  • Sri Lanka as a Buddhist country has had difficulties dealing with the extremist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

  • Since 1984 the LTTE has killed many thousands of civilians (more victims than all the worlds terrorist groups combined)

  • The doctrine of Ahimsa makes it difficult for the Buddhists to deal effectively with the fanatical LTTE , constantly attempting negotiations instead of sustained military action

  • At one stage (1990) Sewerage bombs were tried-

  • Today after 23 years there is still no resolution



The return of women to the Sangha has been a major change in Buddhist Communities over the 20th century

  • The return of women to the Sangha has been a major change in Buddhist Communities over the 20th century

  • This has been the result of acculturation, with western women driving the changes

  • The inter change of ideas between western and Buddhist societies as a result of the colonial experience

  • Today Buddhism is the fastest growing belief system in the west

  • The process of acculturation continues as the dialogue between Buddhist and western culture intensifies

  • Women are back in the Sri Lankan Sangha

  • Today visitors to Dharamsala wake to the chants and trumpets of nuns many from the west



Buddhists embrace all technology that does not harm sentinent beings

  • Buddhists embrace all technology that does not harm sentinent beings

  • This is one reason for the growing spread of Buddhism in the Western world

  • Surfing the net, travel by Jet and mobile camera phones are an integral part of Buddhist life today

  • Free Learn to Meditate, online - Meditation Australia.



Ashoka sent monks to China and the Greek world 2200 years ago

  • Ashoka sent monks to China and the Greek world 2200 years ago

  • Interdependence is a fundamental Buddhist concept so globalisation and Buddhism fit well

  • Read Prof. Bloom of Hawaii @Globalization and Buddhism





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