Do Developed or Developing Countries Emit More Carbon Dioxide Into the Atmosphere? A data Management Culminating Project Presentation




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TitleDo Developed or Developing Countries Emit More Carbon Dioxide Into the Atmosphere? A data Management Culminating Project Presentation
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Do Developed or Developing Countries Emit More Carbon Dioxide Into the Atmosphere?

  • A Data Management Culminating Project Presentation

  • by Mathew Hall, Dr. G.W. Williams S.S.

  • Aurora, Ontario


Thesis Statement

  • As the indicating factors of a country’s development increase, that country will emit more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere because of increased motor vehicle transportation, energy consumption, and urbanization.



Background Information



Carbon Dioxide Emissions (CO2)

  • Carbon dioxide is an essential gas in the Earth’s Atmosphere

  • It is classified as a “greenhouse gas”

  • Greenhouse gasses trap the suns radiation in the atmosphere, maintaining the temperature of the Earth

  • Carbon dioxide is second to water vapor as the leading greenhouse gas in the atmosphere (Greenhouse Gas 2005)

  • Carbon dioxide levels have risen by 31% since 1895 (The Greenhouse Gasses 2004)

  • One tonne of carbon burned  3.7 tonnes of CO2 (The Greenhouse Gasses 2004)

  • 22 billion tonnes of fossil fuels are burned each year (The Greenhouse Gasses 2004)



Developed vs. Developing Countries

  • No real scale to judge development

  • World Bank states that a country with GDP per capita of under $6000 US is developing (development- categorizing countries 2005)

  • United Nations uses different indicators such as: life expectancy, literacy rate, enrolment in schools, urban population levels and GDP per capita (development- categorizing countries 2005)

  • In General:

  • Developed Countries  - higher GDP

  • - more urban population



Analysis

  • Causes of CO2 Emissions



Fuel combustion accounts for the greatest proportion of CO2 emissions

  • Fuel combustion accounts for the greatest proportion of CO2 emissions

  • There is an extremely strong linear correlation between total fuel emissions and CO2 emissions





Transportation

  • Fairly strong correlation between gasoline consumption and CO2 emissions

  • Inference: Countries that consume more gasoline will emit more CO2



Developed countries consume more gasoline, on average, than developing countries

  • Developed countries consume more gasoline, on average, than developing countries

  • Developed countries consume 2.5 times more gasoline

  • Thesis is supported



Energy Industries

  • Very strong positive correlation between CO2 emissions and total energy consumption

  • 99% of the variation in CO2 emissions result from variations in energy consumption

  • Inference: Countries that consume more energy will emit more CO2



Energy Consumption

  • Developed countries consume twice as much energy as developing countries on average

  • Developed countries are relatively inconsistent in total energy consumption

  • Thesis is supported



Analysis

  • Urbanization and CO2 Emissions



Urban population has a weak positive correlation with gasoline consumption

  • Urban population has a weak positive correlation with gasoline consumption

  • Inference: Countries with more urban populations don’t necessarily consume more gasoline

  • Urban population has a strong correlation with energy consumption

  • Inference: Countries with more urban population will consume more energy



Urban population has a very weak correlation with CO2 emissions

  • Urban population has a very weak correlation with CO2 emissions

  • Inference: Having more of an urban population will not result in more CO2 emissions





Developed Countries have greater urban population values than developing ones

  • Developed Countries have greater urban population values than developing ones

  • Developing countries have more consistency in urban population values

  • Thesis is not supported as urban population has little impact on CO2 emissions



Analysis

  • Overall Carbon Dioxide Emissions



Total CO2 Emissions



Developed Countries emit more CO2 per capita on average; approximately 700% more per person

  • Developed Countries emit more CO2 per capita on average; approximately 700% more per person

  • Developed countries are more inconsistent in CO2 per capita, and it’s distribution is more “balanced”

  • Thesis is ultimately supported



Developed vs. Developing Countries’ CO2 Emissions From 1950 to 2000

  • Developed countries have had a greater proportion of total CO2 emissions since 1950

  • The proportion of developed countries’ CO2 emissions has been decreasing over time since 1950

  • Thesis is tentatively supported



Analysis

  • GDP and CO2 Emissions



Examples of Developing Countries



Examples of Developed Countries



What Are Some Possible Answers for the Trends in Developed Countries’ CO2 Emissions?

  • Increased use of “clean” fuels in developed countries

  • France is a world leader in the use of nuclear power, use less and less fossil fuels each year (Earthtrends 2005)

  • Germany demolished soviet power plants which produced enormous amounts of CO2 (O’Ronian 2005)

  • Kyoto protocol signed in 1997 (Kyoto Protocol 2005)



Conclusions

  • Gasoline consumption and energy consumption have strong correlations with CO2 emissions

  • Developed countries consume more gasoline and energy than developing countries, on average

  • Although urban population levels have a strong correlation with energy industries, it has a weak correlation with CO2 emissions

  • The fact that developed countries have greater urban population levels does not have any effect on CO2 emission levels

  • Developed countries emit more total CO2 and CO2 per capita than developing countries

  • The proportion of CO2 emissions developed countries are accounting for is decreasing over time

  • Developing countries have strong correlations between GDP and CO2 emissions

  • Developed countries have weak correlations between GDP and CO2 emissions

  • In many developed countries GDP increases while CO2 emissions stay the same or decline, developing countries have increases in both variables



Final Thoughts

  • Developed countries are the focus for reducing CO2 emissions

  • Presently, this is an effective course of action- developed countries emit more total CO2

  • In the future more attention must be paid to developing countries, as they may come to surpass developed countries if trends continue



Works Cited

  • development-categorising countries. 14 Dec. 2005 .

  • Earthtrends Energy and Resources- France. 22 December 2005.

  • Greenhouse Gas. 7 December 2005. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 14 Dec. 2005 .

  • O'Ronain, Miceal. The German Kyoto Protocol Hoax. 17 December 2005. 20 Dec. 2005 .

  • The Greenhouse Gasses. 23 August 2004. Government of Canada. 14 Dec. 2005 .

  • Understanding Climate Change. 23 August 2004. Government of Canada. 14 Dec. 2005 .

  • Kyoto Protocol. 21 December 2005. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.



Bibliography

  • E-Stat. Statistics Canada. 22 Dec. 2005 .

  • Statistical Review of World Energy 2005. 14 June 2005. BP. 22 Dec. 2005

  • - (*Please note: the link above is the website where the actual document can be downloaded)

  • Global Urban Observatory. 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 22 Dec. 2005

  • Economic Data. Economics Web Institute. 22 Dec. 2005

  • Greenhouse Gasses Database. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 22 Dec. 2005

  • Earthtrends: The Environmental Information Portal. 2005. World Resources Institute. 22 Dec. 2005



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