Danish invasion of england comparison with Anglo-Saxons




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TitleDanish invasion of england comparison with Anglo-Saxons
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DANISH INVASION OF ENGLAND


Comparison with Anglo-Saxons

  • Plunder & Conquest

  • Invaders vs. Natives

  • Fate of Native Britons

  • Outcome



Far Flung Danish Empire

  • Norse, Northmen or Normans Sicily and northern France (Normandy)

  • Vikings North America

  • Varagians traded with Russia and Constantinople

  • Empire Normandy, Sicily, Russia, Iceland, Greenland and Britain in addition to their homeland in Denmark and Norway



Viking Traits

  • Physical Appearance

  • Pagans

  • Cruelly

  • “Wolf-Coats”

  • “Beserks”



Motives for Invasion I

  • Population Growth

  • Improved Shipbuilding Technology



Viking Ships



Motives for Invasion II



Motives for Invasion III

  • Cultural Imperative

  • Viking Social Ideals



Nature of Attacks

  • Superior Weapons



Changes in the Shape of Shields



Tactics: 9th Century Storm Troopers



1st Danish Invasion, 787-886

  • First Phase: Plundering (787-865)



Second Phase: Conquest (865-86)



Saxon Response: Alfred the Great, Wessex King (871-99)



Introduction of 3 Vital Reforms

  • Division of the Fyrd

  • Bigger Fleet of Ships

  • Established Burghs



Conclusion of First Invasion

  • Guthrum vs. Alfred, Battle of Edington (878)

  • Treaty of 886: The Danelaw

  • Aftermath: Consolidation of Wessex Dynasty (899-954)



King Alfred & the Danes



Background to Renewed Invasion

  • Reign of Ethelred the Unready (978-1016)

  • Child King

  • Suspect Reputation

  • Divided Aristocracy

  • Power Struggle Among Aristocrats



Second Danish Invasion, 980-1016

  • Kings of Norway

  • Olaf Tryggvason

  • Swein Forkbeard

  • Battle of Maldon (991)

  • Policy of Accommodation

Payment of Danegeld

Danish Invasion



Danish Consolidation of Conquest, 1016-42

  • Reign of Cnut

(1016-35)

Cnut’s Marriage

  • Married Emma, Widow of Ethelred the Unready



Cnut’s Sons & Successors

  • Harold (1035-40)

  • Harthacnut (1040-42)



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