Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19th Century London Why Victorian Prisons?




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Victorian Age Prisons

Prisons in the 19th Century London

Why Victorian Prisons?

Victorian Prisons were built for a variety of reasons
  • Crimes Increased from 5,000 crimes per year in 1800 to 20,000 in 1840

  • Lowering the execution rates

  • Lowering the amount of people sent to Australia and the New World



The Prison Reformation



Prison Blueprints



Safety Measures

  • Walls

  • Cells

  • Guards

  • Chains

  • Occupying

    • Hard Labor
    • Long Dull work
    • Forced Silence
  • Exercising

    • Releases stress
    • Releases energy


Crime and Punishment

  • Children

  • Women

  • Men



Daily Life in Prisons

  • Prisoners had strict schedules

    • Set wake up
    • Set meals
    • Times and foods decided by prison
    • No alcohol
    • Set work
    • Labor, specifically hard-labor
    • Set exercise
    • Set religious activities
    • Required mass services
    • Set family/friend visits


Prisons in Great Expectations

Newgate Prison

“It was visiting time when Wemmick took me in; and a potman was going his rounds with beer; and the prisoners, behind bars in the yards, were buying beer, and talking to friends; and a frouzy, ugly, disorderly, depressing scene it was.” (Dickens,p.257)
  • Showing the prisons before the Prison reformation

  • Pip’s views of the Prison

  • Bad state

  • Alcohol Allowed

  • Unorganized



Bibliography

Ansay, Serra. "The Cornhill, Great Expectations, and The Convict System in Nineteenth-Century England." The Victorian Web: An Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2010. .

Griffiths, Arthur. "Victorian London - Prisons and Penal System - Prisons - Wormwood Scrubs Prison ." Dictionary of Victorian London - Victorian History - 19th Century London - Social History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2010. .

"Victorian Children in trouble with the law | The National Archives." The National Archives. The National Archives, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. .

"Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. .

"Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2010. .


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